Crime Fighting Computer Systems And Databases

As crime globalizes, so does crime fighting. Mobsters, serial killers, and terrorists cross state lines and borders effortlessly, making use of the latest advances in mass media, public transportation, telecommunications, and computer networks. The police – there are 16,000 law enforcement agencies in the Unites States alone – is never very far behind.

Quotes from the official Web pages of some of these databases:

National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC)

Its mission is to combine investigative and operational support functions, research, and training in order to provide assistance, without charge, to federal, state, local, and foreign law enforcement agencies investigating unusual or repetitive violent crimes. The NCAVC also provides support through expertise and consultation in non-violent matters such as national security, corruption, and white-collar crime investigations.

It comprises the Behavioral Analysis Unit (BAU), Child Abduction and Serial Murder Investigative Resources Center (CASMIRC), and Violent Criminal Apprehension Program (VICAP).

VICAP is a nationwide data information center designed to collect, collate, and analyze crimes of violence – specifically murder. It collates and analyzes the significant characteristics of all murders, and other violent offenses.

Homicide Investigation Tracking System (HITS)

A program within the Washington state’s Attorney General’s Office that tracks and investigates homicides and rapes.

Violent Crime Linkage System (ViCLAS)

Canada-wide computer system that assists specially trained investigators to identify serial crimes and criminals by focusing on the linkages that exist among crimes by the same offender. This system was developed by the RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) in the early 1990s.

UTAP, stands for The Utah Criminal Tracking and Analysis Project

Gathers experts from forensic science, crime scene analysis, psychiatry and other fields to screen unsolved cases for local law enforcement agencies.

International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) – Interpol’s DNA Gateway

Provides for the transfer of profile data between two or more countries and for the comparison of profiles that conform to Interpol standards in a centralized database. Investigators can access the database via their Interpol National Central Bureau (NCB) using Interpol’s secure global police communications system, I-24/7.

Interpol’s I-24/7

Global communication system to connect its member countries and provide them with user-friendly access to police information. Using this system, Interpol National Central Bureaus (NCBs) can search and cross-check data in a matter of seconds, with direct and immediate access to databases containing critical information (ASF Nominal database of international criminals, electronic notices, stolen motor vehicles, stolen/lost/counterfeit travel and ID documents, stolen works of art, payment cards, fingerprints and photographs, a terrorism watch list, a DNA database, disaster victim identification, international weapons tracking and trafficking in human beings-related information, etc).

Interpol Fingerprints

Provides information on the development and implementation of fingerprinting systems for the general public and international law enforcement entities.

Europol (European Union’s criminal intelligence agency) Computer System (TECS)

Member States can directly input data into the information system in compliance with their national procedures, and Europol can directly input data supplied by non EU Member States and third bodies. Also provides analyses and indexing services.

John Locke’s Enlightenment Influence On The U S Constitution

The social contract theory of John Locke provided the philosophy and source of governing authority for both U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson borrowed freely from Locke’s phraseology.

John Locke laid out the social contract in the 5th paragraph of the chapter entitled “Of the Beginning of Political Societies” in his “Second Treatise on Government”. There he states that the will of the majority is the only source of authority for civil government. God and His law are ignored.

“And thus that which begins and actually constitutes any political society is nothing but the consent of any number of freemen capable of a majority to unitethis is that, AND THAT ONLY, which did or could give beginning to any lawful government” [John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (New York, NY: The Liberal Arts Press, 1952), p. 56]. This is the heart of democratic social theory — note the conspicuous exclusion of God and the ruling authority of His Word.

Under the Lockean model the people contract with one another to ordain a civil government. God and His law are not Party to the Contract. The Preamble of the U.S. Constitution clearly adopts this model: “We the people of the United States . . . do ordain this constitution for ourselves and our posterity.” God is snubbed, and Article VI, Section 3 forbids requiring an officeholder to swear allegiance to God.

The Bible contradicts Locke’s ascription of power to the majority. Romans 13:4 states that “there is no power but of God. The powers that be are ordained of God.”

Locke’s factionalized, pluralistic society is doomed to rip itself apart. God judges the society that fails to acknowledge the supremacy of Christ. Anarchy ensues.

Without the living and true God and His law there can be no justice. But contrary to popular Christian opinion, the founding fathers never appealed to the Bible. There is only one substantive reference to Scripture in the four-volume set of notes compiled from the Constitutional Convention.

The Federalist Papers, written in defense of the Constitution, make no reference to the Bible. Having spurned God’s law, the founders were forced to employ Social Contract of John Locke and so-called natural law.

When Adam fell, he was expelled into a darkened world that fell with him. Man’s fallen mind cannot correctly interpret the fallen creation. “For the creature [creation] was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope” (Rom. 8:20). Looking for justice in the “law of nature or “natural law” is an exercise in futility in a fallen world.

The Founding Fathers opened the door for their posterity to arbitrarily reinterpret the vague social contract articulated by John Locke. As our current desperate plight indicates, the Constitution cannot shield us from social, economic, and political devolution.

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Retailers How To Select Your Wholesale Sweet Supplier

If youre a retailer wondering how to choose the best and most appropriate wholesale sweet supplier, some of the following tips for evaluation might come in handy.

Selecting a Wholesale Sweet Supplier

Align the available lines from a potential wholesale sweets supplier to your main marketing themes. For example, if you’re targeting certain discerning (as opposed to mass-market) segments, you will need to select a wholesaler who is able to support you in that by offering appropriate high quality products.

Look for breadth of portfolio. Managing multiple suppliers can be time consuming, inefficient and also stressful. The more of your stock lines you’re able to secure from a single source, the lower your management overheads will be.

Aim for economy of volume orders. This is closely linked to the point above because of the basic commercial reality that the more you order from a single supplier, the bigger your commercial clout is likely to be. That is going to put you in a stronger negotiating position when price comes to be discussed.

Value innovation in your providers. Certain components of the confectionery marketplace are volatile and you will need to select a wholesale sweets supplier who is not only aware of that, but is also able to react to it. In fact, ideally they should be at the forefront of driving that change and be ahead of the game rather than simply following events.

Aim for providers who can deliver a degree of uniqueness. There is considerable consumer pressure in the marketplace today for a different confectionery experience, rather than what might be termed the ‘same-oldsame-old’ sweets.

Be aware of the need for traditional sweets, though. Once again, consumer pressures these days are driving increased attention towards the idea of nostalgia. This is being seen in many sectors, including the provision of confectionery, so any provider who can offer a range of products that hark back to peoples childhood is likely to be a good partner for you.

Consider reliability. This should go without saying, but unfortunately it is sometimes overlooked and not all suppliers are necessarily quite as reliable as they should be. You can check this out by researching them on the Internet and, of course, simply asking around other retailers.

Consider price, but don’t make it the most important factor. This has been left until last for a very good reason, because finding the lowest-cost provider in the marketplace might not count for much if they are unable to deliver on some of the above things to you. Even so, times are tough and those wholesalers who are price conscious may be particularly attractive. You can check that out by conventional price comparisons.

Dont underestimate the difference that a top-class wholesale sweets supplier can make to your business, and be prepared to put some time and effort into research before committing to a large order.